The keynotes
of the Montessori

The Maria Montessori education supports the child to develop his or her will. It gives the child room for free decision-making and helps him or her to think and act independently. We orient ourselves to the uniqueness of each human-being and motivate this in every age group to find and develop its strengths.

The sensitive phases

The correct program at the right time guarantees joy-filled, easy, speedy and profound learning. The Montessori educational method recognizes these optimal opportunities, to carry out a certain learning or development step, and uses these purposefully.

The prepared environment and the Montessori material

The prepared environment enables the child to experience freedom of movement, independence and autonomy. Clearly structured learning programs support the desire to learn and encourage creativity. The material is designed in such a way that the children can acquire talents and abilities independently after an introduction by the teacher has been made.

The individualized learning methods

The children determine themselves on what, with whom and for how long they would like to work. Through this they practice to correctly estimate their abilities, perseverance and self-discipline, setting of own goals, decision-making strength and the ability to cooperate. They take responsibility for their own learning.

Exercises of daily life

The childish urge for movement and imitation is found in the exercises of daily life with various courses of action. They help setup one’s own personality and enable community life.

The goals of the exercises of daily life can be summarized as follows:

  • They direct and satisfy the child’s enormous urge for movement and coordinate the spirit and movement.
  • They promote the independence of the child from the adult, his or her autonomy and therefore his or her self-assurance and sense of self-worth.
  • They develop a sense of responsibility for the environment and at the same time create an inner order

Sensorial material

The sensorial material corresponds with the joy of sensory stimuli, refines sensory perception and the after refines streichen stimulates the exploration of fundamental order categories. It permits the children to process, arrange, combine and abstract absorbed impressions. The special characteristics of this material are:

  • Isolation of the senses (e.g. sense of smell)
  • Characteristics of the things (e.g. size, thickness)
  • Difficulties in handling (e.g. to arrange, pair, contrast)


The mathematics material answers to children’s interest in order structures, which can be discovered in quantities, numbers as well as in ranges of numbers, arithmetic operations and geometrical arrangements. Wherever where comparisons are drawn and series are formed, mathematics is involved. When the children compare, count, arrange, measure etc. they are using expressions of mathematical thinking and acting. In the Montessori Kindergarten the mathematics material is closely attached to the sensorial material.


The joy in language and also in reading and writing is supported and encouraged by the specific teaching structure of the language material, and also by the linguistic role models, provided by the Montessori teachers and the other children. Storytelling, picture viewing, discussions with the children, theatre scene playing, speaking verses and singing songs all form part of the daily routine.

Cultural education

Cultural education brings our multifaceted world closer to the child and creates possibilities of learning individual aspects such as botany, environmental education, geography, history, art, music, theatre etc. The Kindergarten represents a microcosm - a miniature world - and helps the child understand life through rehearsing.